Topamax (Topiramate)Brand Names: Qudexy XR, Topamax, Topamax Sprinkle, Trokendi XR
Related Medications: Carbamazepine (Tegretol), Lamotrigine (Lamictal), Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), Gabapentin (Neurontin), Levetiracetam (Keppra)
Topamax is often taken along with other meds that work by controlling and preventing epilepsy or seizures. Besides, this medicine is prescribed to those patients who suffer from migraine headaches to reduce their frequency, because it belongs to a group of drugs called anti-epileptics or anticonvulsants.
Basically, Topamax should be taken orally, both with and without food, normally 2 times a day. To prevent possible kidney stones from their formation, patients are advised to drink enough liquid while using this medicine. For minor patients, their right dosage should be based on their weight, and it can be both increased and decreased according to their individual response. Some health conditions require people to start this treatment only once a day, at the bedtime, and increase this dose to twice a day. It takes a few weeks and even months to notice positive effects of using Topamax.
This medication may result in certain adverse effects, and the most common ones are:
The good news is that most of those patients who take Topamax don’t have any negative symptoms, and only a few of them report such serious side effects as:
Those patients who use anticonvulsants may end up with mental and mood problems, so that their doctors should closely monitor them. In rare cases the intake of Topamax leads to severe eye problems, and they must be solved if people don’t want to end up with blindness. This condition has such warning signs as blurred vision, eye pain, redness, vision changes and so on. Besides, this treatment may result in certain metabolic issues and such symptoms as vomiting, sudden tiredness, mental changes, etc. Some patients also develop allergic reactions, including dizziness, swelling, difficulty breathing and rash.
Before using Topamax it’s necessary to inform doctors about possible allergies and such ailments as eye problems, liver and kidney issues, mental and mood conditions, breathing and lung complications, metabolic imbalances, brittle bones, long-lasting diarrhea and some others. In addition, this medicine may make them drowsy and dizzy while impairing their judgement, so that patients shouldn’t perform any activities that require their attentiveness. They also need to avoid all kinds of alcoholic beverages and some medications that may potentially interact with Topamax, including antihistamines, muscle relaxants, pain relievers, etc.